Butadiene is a type of organic compound. This product is obtained when ethylene is produced by oil cracking by steam. Another method that produces butadiene is to dehydrate butane or butane . This procedure is done in one or two steps. About 1.8 million tons of butadiene are produced annually. This product is mainly used in the production of synthetic rubber.
The French scientist first produced 1 and 3 butadiene from ethyl alcohol pyrolysis in 1863. It is used as a raw material for the production of SBR and PBR. Smelling butadiene causes headaches, suffocation, and low blood pressure. Dealing with this substance for a long time makes it possible for cancer to occur. Butadiene is an organic substance and belongs to the group of simple hydrocarbons.
Physical and chemical properties of butadiene:
Molecular formula: C4H6
Molar mass= 54.09 g mol-1
Appearance Colorless gas or refrigerated liquid
Density= 0.64 g/cm3 at -6 C، liquid
Melting point= -108.9 C، ۱۶۴ K، -۱۶۴ F
Boiling point =-4.4 C، ۲۶۹ K، ۲۴ F
Solubility in water 735 ppm
Smelling it causes headaches, suffocation, and low blood pressure. Dealing with this substance for a long time makes it possible for cancer to occur.